Summarized and Modified for MVSC Development Program League
1] The Field of Play
Field must be rectangular and longer than it is wide. Field will be appropriate in size to age of players.
2] The Ball
Size 4 ball
3] The Formats
U8/9 boys (MLS), U8/9 Girls (NWSL1) and U9/10 Girls (NWSL2): 5 v 5 (includes goalkeeper)
U9/10 boys (EPL): 7 v 7 (includes goalkeeper)
U11/12 girls (NWSL3): 8 v 8 (includes goalkeeper)
U11/12 boys (La Liga): 9 v 9 (includes goalkeeper)
On the fly at any time, or during stoppage.
All players shall wear a team jersey, shorts, shin-guards, socks and soccer cleats. Baseball cleats (with a front toe cleat) are not allowed. Shin-guards should be worn underneath socks. No jewelry (earrings, rings, bracelets, necklaces, etc.), or other equipment deemed unsafe is allowed. Goalies shall wear a jersey or practice bib differing in color from either team.
6] The Referee
The Game Facillitator (or referee if applicable) has full authority to make all decisions regarding all Laws of the Game. The referee’s decisions are final and not subject to appeal. The referee’s authority extends to the coaches and other spectators.
The referee’s primary objective is ensuring the player’s safety, but s/he should permit the game to flow and not call trivial fouls, nor should s/he call fouls where stopping play for a free kick would be less beneficial to the fouled team than permitting play to continue. Especially at younger ages, a referee is encouraged to explain calls to assist players in learning.
Parent Volunteer Referee. Minimal coaching allowed on the field.
Referees, whether licensed or parent volunteers, must be trusted to use their best judgment with integrity and objectivity, to insure the safety of the players at all times. Their calls should not be questioned by coaches, parents or players, but should be supported by all with thanks for their efforts on the field.
7] Duration of Game
MLS, EPL, & NWSL1 & 2: 2 X 25 min. halves, with 5 minute halftime
La Liga & NWSL3: 2 X 30 min. halves, with 5 minute halftime
8] Ball In and Out of Play
The ball is out of play when the entire ball has completely crossed over the touch line (sideline) or the goal line (end line), either on the ground or in the air, and the referee has stopped play. The position of a player touching the ball has no impact on the ball being called out of bounds (a player may be on, or even outside the lines, when he is playing a ball). The ball is deemed in play at all other times.
A goal is scored when the entire ball passes over the goal line, between the goalposts and under the crossbar.
MLS, NWSL1 & 2: Offsides is not called. Discourage "cherry picking."
EPL & NWSL3: Offsides line is each team's buildout line.
La Liga: Offsides line is the halfway line.
A major foul occurs when a player carelessly, recklessly, or with disproportionate force does one of the following:
- Kicks or attempts to kick an opponent.
- Trips or attempts to trip an opponent.
- Jumps at an opponent.
- Charges an opponent.
- Strikes or attempts to strike an opponent.
- Pushes an opponent.
- Tackles an opponent and makes contact with the player before touching the ball.
- Tackles from behind or in a dangerous manner
- Holds an opponent.
- Spits on an opponent.
- Deliberately handles the ball with any portion of his arm from fingers to shoulder (except for the goalkeeper within his own penalty area). For a “hand ball foul” to be called, there must be intent by the player to strike the ball with some portion of the arm or hand. Generally, if contact is made “hand to ball” it is a foul. If it is “ball to hand,” no foul. If a player protects him/herself from being hit by a hard shot, or if the ball inadvertently strikes the hand, there is no foul.
A major foul results in a direct free-kick. (*See note on “Free Kicks” & “Penalty Kicks”)
A minor foul occurs if a player:
- HEADING: There is no deliberate heading allowed in Kindergarten - 6th Grade, or in the DPL. If a player deliberately heads the ball, an indirect free kick will be awarded to the opposing team. If the ball hits a players head (not deliberate), play should continue.
- Plays in a dangerous manner.
- Impedes the progress of an opponent.
- Prevents the goalkeeper from releasing the ball from his hands.
- Charges the goalkeeper.
A goalkeeper can commit a minor foul if he:
- Touches the ball with his hands after releasing it into play before it is touched by another player.
- Touches the ball with his hands after it has been deliberately kicked to the goalkeeper by a teammate.
- Touches the ball with his hands after receiving the ball directly from a teammate’s throw-in.
A minor foul results in an indirect free-kick, even if the foul occurs in the defending team’s penalty box.
YELLOW CARDS & RED CARDS: The Referee may determine that certain fouls or behavior warrant a significant caution (yellow card) or ejection from the game (red card). An ejected player may not be replaced by a substitute.
12] Free Kicks
Direct free kicks – a goal may be scored directly from the kick.
Indirect free kicks – a goal cannot be scored until the ball is touched by a player other than the kicker.
*U8/9 DPL: all fouls result in an indirect free kick.
13] Penalty Kicks
A penalty kick is awarded when a major foul is committed by a defender within his own penalty area. The kick is taken on the penalty mark (approx. 10 yards directly in front of the goal) with no defense except the goalie, who must remain on the goal line until the ball is kicked.
*No penalty kicks are given for U8/9 DPLs.
When the ball is played out of play over a touch line (side line), play is restarted in the following manner:
MLS, NWSL1 & NWSL2: No throw-ins. A player on the team that didn’t touch the ball out of play can kick or dribble the ball into play from the sideline where the ball went out of bounds.
EPL, La Liga & NWSL3: Throw-ins. Play resumes with a throw in for the team that didn’t touch the ball out of play. A legal throw-in requires the player face the field with both feet on the ground and outside the touch line, and uses both hands to throw the ball from behind and over his head. An illegal throw-in results when the player lifts one or both feet, uses only one hand to throw, or fails to bring the ball from behind and over his head. An illegal throw in results in a warning, and a 2nd attempt.
15] Goal Kick
When the ball is played out of bounds over the goal line by the attacking team, play is restarted with a goal kick for the defending team.
The Goalkeeper taking the goal kick can pass the ball into the field from in front of his or her goal. The player receiving the pass may be inside the penalty box. All players from the defending team must retreat behind the build-up line* until the ball is put into play by the goalkeeper.
MLS, NWSL 1 &NWSL2 (half field line)
EPL & NWSL3: Build up lines are marked on each field
La Liga: Top of the penalty box
16] Corner Kick
When the ball is played out of play over the goal line by the defending team, play is restarted with a corner kick for the attacking team. The ball is placed within the corner arc on the side the ball went over the goal line. Defenders must be at least 7 yards away.
Other Modified Rules
A. Playing Time: Each player shall play a minimum of 50% of the total playing time (unless there is an issue with attendance, attitude or behavior).
B. Spectators: Parents and spectators must occupy the opposite side of the field from the players – NO EXCEPTIONS. Both teams should occupy one side. Coaches are not permitted to walk past the halfway line into the area occupied by the other team.
C. Code of Conduct: All parents are required to read and support the policies and philosophies detailed in the “Code of Conduct.” As a “self-policing” policy, every referee, coach and parent has a responsibility to demonstrate and encourage good sportsmanship in both players and each other. Behavior outside the guidelines of the Code should be addressed and/or reported to the Club.
D. Common Sense: Referees in soccer must use common sense in applying and interpreting the Laws in order to maintain the spirit of the game. Soccer is a game of constant motion with no time for instant replay. Good judgment must be used to allow the game to flow, which will sometimes result in “no calls” for fouls that would contravene the spirit of the game or take an attacking advantage away from a team.
E. Build-up Rule (for all DPLs except La Liga): When the goalkeeper has possession of the ball in his or her hands, all players on defending team must retreat to the build-up line until the goalkeeper releases the ball. Goalkeepers are not allowed to punt the ball or to throw it in the air directly over the halfway line. This rule is in place to encourage building out of the back. Goalkeepers are permitted to distribute the ball quickly (prior to the defending team retreating to their defensive half) if they wish to do so.